Important notice! Most citrus plants on the market are produced for planting in orchards in the Mediterranean countries. They have a large overall height, have high graft and are difficult to shape and support at home. Rootstocks on which they are grafted are very fast growing, which is fine for the open ground in the subtropics, but is not desirable when growing in pot in the temperate climate.
All our small citrus plants are produced specifically for the Bulgarian market and are ideally suited for home cultivation. The rootstocks cause compact growth, grafts are low and this allows making an excellent shape of the crown, to be suitable for growing in pots. The used rootstocks are trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata 'Flying Dragon') and Volkamer lemon, Citrus volkameriana. Trifoliate orange is frost-hardy to -25°C, and significantly increases the cold resistance of plants grafted on it.
Citrus clementina Spinoso
Spinoso mandarin variety is gaining increasing popularity. Appears as a natural mutation of the Commune variety, discovered in Calabria. The plants have moderate growth, develop strong, erect and dense crowns. The variety yields average, constant yield. Flowering begins in February. This variety is one of the earliest, and the maturing period is about 8 months. The fruit is spherical, with a thin, dark orange to reddish bark. The size of the fruit is about 9 cm, with up to 10 sesdless segments, the flesh is orange, with a rich aroma and rich, sweet taste. They ripen in October. It is recommended that the fruits be harvested as soon as they ripen.
As with all other Citrus plants, the mandarin is susceptible to scales and spider mites and needs to be sprayed twice a year.
In winter it will need a cool place with temperatures 0-10 degrees Celsius. If the temperature is higher, the leaves usually fall off. In summer it needs to be outside and abundantly watered.
Much more information about all citrus species is available on our forum:
USDA zone:-9°C (zone 8b)
Winter effect:Evergreen plant
Sun exposure:Sun only